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Russian geopolitical schools

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Размещено: 21.03.2021
История появления русской школы геополитики на английском языке. Общая информация и краткие биографии представителей школы. Защита - весна 2020, оценка - 5
Введение

Geopolitics is a separate branch of strategic analysis. It can be defined as a discipline that studies the relations and interactions between Spaces (Territories), States, Civilizations, Peoples, and Economics. This is a much broader context than that in International Relations, because theories of International Relations study only state-to-state relations. Geopolitics is much broader. First of all, it is centered around the relations between the state and space (territory) – and not only, but also culture-to-culture and people-to-people, all put into space. Space in geopolitics plays the same role as time for history. Geopolitical analysis is based on the centrality of space. Geopolitics also has a method-a systematic analysis of the spatial position of geographical factors, understood quite widely. In practical application, geopolitics is the science of the influence of the geographical factor on politics.
Содержание

1. Geopolitics as a discipline 2. History of the formation of the Russian geopolitical school 3. Founders of Russian geopolitical ideas 4. Modern Russian geopolitics
Список литературы

1. Вок Г.Б. Современная геополитика России: концептуальные основы https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sovremennaya-geopolitika-rossii-kontseptualnye-osnovy/viewer 2. Геополитика России http://www.geopolitics.ru/geopolitika-rossii-2/ 3. Русская геополитика: возникновение и развитие http://www.stoletie.ru/geopolitika/russkaya_geopolitika_vozniknovenie_i_razvitie.htm 4. Русская школа геополитики http://www.geopolitics.ru/geopolitika-rossii-2/ 5. Dugin A. Geopolitics: Theories, Concepts, Schools, and Debates https://www.geopolitica.ru/en/article/geopolitics-theories-concepts-schools-and-debates 6. Muller M. Education and the formation of geopolitical subjects https://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/207421/1/Mu%CC%88ller_2011_Education%20and%20the%20formation%20of%20geopolitical%20subjects_IPS.pdf 7. Tsygankov A.P. Mastering space in Eurasia: Russia’s geopolitical thinking after the Soviet break-up https://is.muni.cz/do/fss/57816/40125114/Tsygankov__A._Mastering_Space_Euroasia_Comm.Studies_36_2003.pdf
Отрывок из работы

The origins of the Russian school of geopolitics were: 1) Rich cultural and historical heritage of Ancient Russia, a special original culture, formed under the influence of natural, geographical and social conditions. 2) The adoption of Orthodoxy as the dominant religion and the assumption of the role of the “Third Rome”. 3) The choice of the Eurasian path of development (departure from Europe). 4) Results of geographical researches of XVIII-XIX centuries (V. N. Tatishchev, V. M. Golovnin / 1776-1831/, M. V. Lomonosov /1711-1765/, P. P. Semenov-Tyan-Shansky /1827-1914/). 5) Results of military operations (D. A. Milyutin, A. E. Vandam) 6) State-descriptive and statistical studies (V. N. Tatishchev, K. I. Arsenyev, E. F. Zyablovsky, G. V. Kraft, D. A. Milyutin, etc.) 7) Theory of cultural and historical types of N. Y. Danilevsky (1822-1855). The formation of Russian geopolitics was decisively influenced by the Eurasian choice of the historical path of Russia. The meeting and subsequent synthesis of European and Asian cultures created a Russian identity. This is expressed, in particular, in the peaceful coexistence in Russia of such different, although similar in principle to the sobornost, religions as Orthodoxy and Islam.
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